What is the Structural Engineering Behind Timber Frame Houses?

Timber frame houses are the kind that is fitted using traditional methods of fitting large beams and timber posts, joined using pegs or decorative material. Quite often the walls on this particular structural design are usually placed outside the timber frame. This article talks about everything you need to know about the structural engineering of timber frame houses.

The different types of frame trusses

A timber-framed structured house has a roof, wall, and floor design structure that’s neatly packed. However, your frame type is greatly determined by how much support your frame requires. Below are the various types of frame trusses for timber frame houses.

  • Triangle Truss

This is the most common truss with triangular-shaped joined Apexes. It typically forms a basic triangle that acts as a secondary load-bearing component for the frame.

  • King Post Truss

This particular truss design has a central post with struts and can also be modified using curved webs or braces to look more appealing.

  • Queen Post truss

The Queen post truss comes with two vertical posts shaped apart. If you want your window to be at the center of your home, then the queen post truss is the right pick.

  • Scissor Truss

The scissor truss comes with diagonal chords that hold the members into position while also supporting the rafters.

  • Hammerbeam Truss

The hammer-beam truss design is a bit complex since it usually has a central arch with a much-sophisticated style. Most cathedrals have this unique truss design.

Differentiating between stick-built and modular timber houses

The main difference between these two timber houses is how each one is built, as we shall see below.

  • Stick built

Stick-built timber frame is literally built on-site and usually has a simple custom design, not to mention the many hours they take to construct.

  • Modular

This type of frame is usually designed using off-site manufactured materials which include membranes and insulation needed to attain top-notch timber frame design. The entire construction procedure using pre-manufactured timber frames is also quicker and easier thanks to the large elevation panels.

The two types of panel frame systems for timber houses

The open and closed panel systems are used extensively in the construction of sophisticated timber house designs, regardless of size.

  • Open panels

These particular panels are manufactured and are used for external door and window joinery. After the frame erectors are put in place, the interior and exterior house construction is finalized with ease.

  • Closed panels

These particular panels are manufactured with readily available insulation fitted. However, the doors, windows, and external cladding are normally fixed on site. Lastly, closed panels are easy to build thanks to their lightweight material.


Timber frame houses are highly durable forming a house foundation that can last up to 100 years. If construction speed and state-of-the-art frame designs are something you’re looking for, then choosing Hamill Creek timber frame kits is recommended. Regardless of whether you are building a farmhouse, mountain home, or European-styled home, the structural engineering behind timber-framed houses is a cut above the rest.